The three largest and best known Masonic Youth Organizations are The Order of DeMolay, The International Order of Rainbow for Girls and The International Order of Job’s Daughters.
The Order of DeMolay was founded in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1919 for young men of ages 12 to 21. The Order is named after Jacques DeMolay, the last Grand Master of the Templars, who was martyred in the middle Ages for refusing to compromise his honor. The Order of DeMolay teaches the virtues of reverence, love of parents, comradeship, patriotism, courtesy, cleanness, and fidelity. The Order provides many social events and activities, which help to teach social skills and leadership. It has local groups known as Chapters throughout the United States and has also spread internationally. Membership is open to all young men irrespective of whether they have family Masonic ties or not. Their meeting place is usually in a room at a local Masonic Lodge where Masons act as Advisors (Dads) and provide Adult Leadership to the Chapter.
The International Order of Rainbow for Girls was founded in McAlester, Oklahoma, in 1922 for young women aged 11 to 20. Relationship or family ties to a member of the Masonic Order is NOT required for membership. The local groups known as Assemblies are generally sponsored by either a Masonic Lodge or a Chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star. Women called Mother Advisors provide adult supervision and guidance. Each of the colors of the rainbow is associated with a particular virtue or source of inspiration. The Order of Rainbow supports education and is profoundly involved with local charity. The Order also teaches character development, planning, leadership, and social skills through training programs and social events.
The International Order of Job’s Daughters was organized in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1920 for young women age 10 to 20 and derives its name from a Biblical story in the Book of Job. Relationship to a Mason is required for membership. The local organization is called a Bethel. The teachings of the Order are Biblically based, and similar virtues are emphasized as in the other Masonic Youth Orders. Job’s Daughters places special emphasis on community service. Many Bethels work with drug education programs and with the Hearing Impaired Kids Endowment (HIKE) Program. The youth organizations are separate and independent organizations that stress the importance of character development, community service and leadership.